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Fisma Compliance

Risk Management Framework (RMF) OVERVIEW

The selection and specification of security controls for an information system is accomplished as part of an organization-wide information security program that involves the management of organizational risk---that is, the risk to the organization or to individuals associated with the operation of an information system. The management of organizational risk is a key element in the organization's information security program and provides an effective framework for selecting the appropriate security controls for an information system---the security controls necessary to protect individuals and the operations and assets of the organization

 Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems

· Welcome to the course “Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems”.

·The purpose of this course is to provide people new to risk management with an overview of a methodology for managing organizational risk—the Risk Management Framework (RMF).

·The RMF was developed by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) to help organizations manage risks to and from Information Technology (IT) systems more easily, efficiently and effectively.

·This course describes at a high-level the importance of establishing an organization-wide risk management program, the information security legislation related to organizational risk management, the steps in the RMF, and the NIST publications related to each step.

Compliance with NIST Standards and Guidelines

NIST develops and issues standards, guidelines, and other publications to assist federal agencies in implementing the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) and in managing cost-effective programs to protect their information and information systems.

·         Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are developed by NIST in accordance with FISMA. FIPS are approved by the Secretary of Commerce and are compulsory and binding for federal agencies. Since FISMA requires that federal agencies comply with these standards, agencies may not waive their use.

·         Guidance documents and recommendations are issued in the NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-series. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) policies (including OMB Memorandum M-10-15, FY2010 Reporting Instructions for the Federal Information Security Management Act and Agency Privacy Management) state that for other than national security programs and systems, agencies must follow NIST guidance.

·         Other security-related publications, including interagency and internal reports (NISTIRs), and ITL Bulletins, provide technical and other information about NIST's activities. These publications are mandatory only when so specified by OMB.

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